HYPERREFLECTIVITY ON OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY IN MACULAR TELANGIECTASIA TYPE 2

Abstract

To define, characterize, and classify hyperreflectivity on optical coherence tomography and report its prevalence in macular telangiectasia Type 2. 24 months using optical coherence tomography imaging. Three hundred and twenty-two eyes from 161 patients were analyzed in the cross-sectional analysis. Hyperreflectivity was found in 177 (55%) and neovascular membranes in 49 (15%) eyes. Hyperreflectivity correlated significantly with parameters indicative of disease progression. In the longitudinal analysis, 206 eyes from 103 patients were reviewed over a mean of 35.6 months. 17/86 eyes (20%) showed a de novo development of hyperreflectivity. 8/29 eyes (28%) with preexistent intraretinal hyperreflectivity developed outer retinal hyperreflectivity. A high proportion of eyes with outer retinal hyperreflectivity (17/52 [33%]) developed neovascular membranes. Hyperreflectivity represents a common finding in macular telangiectasia Type 2 but lacks a uniform definition. We propose a hyperreflectivity grading scale that may help to estimate disease progression and identify eyes at risk for developing neovascular membranes.

Publication
Retina