Visual Dysfunction and Structural Correlates in Sorsby Fundus Dystrophy

Abstract

To elucidate morphological determinants of rod and cone dysfunction in Sorsby fundus dystrophy (SFD), and to systematically compare visual function tests for interventional trials. Prospective cross-sectional study. 20) underwent visual function testing (best-corrected visual acuity [BCVA] and low luminance visual acuity [LLVA], contrast sensitivity, mesopic and dark-adapted (DA) fundus-controlled perimetry [FCP], rod-mediated dark adaptation [RMDA]), and multimodal imaging. Vision-related quality of life was evaluated. FCP and RMDA thresholds were analyzed using mixed models and structure-function correlation using machine learning (ML). Longitudinal data of 1 patient with high-dose vitamin A supplementation were available. .001), and marked DA cyan mean sensitivity loss (-11.80 dB [-3.47; -19.85]), paralleled by a reduced vision-related quality of life. ML-based structure-function correlation allowed prediction of mesopic, DA cyan, and red sensitivity with high accuracy (cross-validated mean absolute error: 4.36, 7.77, and 5.31 dB, respectively), whereas RMDA could be slowed even in the absence of fundus alterations on multimodal imaging. After high-dose vitamin A supplementation, RMDA and DA thresholds improved markedly. Patients with SFD exhibit severely impaired scotopic visual function even in the absence of funduscopic alterations on multimodal imaging. In contrast to BCVA, scotopic visual function tests are suitable to quantify dysfunction in the early stages. Improvement of scotopic dysfunction after (off-label) high-dose vitamin A intake, as observed in one patient in our study, is compatible with the hypothesized local deficiency of vitamin A secondary to Bruch’s membrane alterations.

Publication
Am J Ophthalmol